Early Cretan history is replete with legends such as those of King Minos, Theseus and the Minotaur, passed on … Our team of experienced travel specialists can organize your unforgettable vacation in Greece! Today Crete is a large island that gets most of its income from agriculture, cattle breeding, and tourism. This period gave birth to one of the most talented writers of Greece, Nikos Kazantzakis (1883-1957). According to archaeological evidence, the cultivation of vines started in the region south of the Caucasus, around the Caspian Sea, and was introduced to Mesopotamia and Egypt later. Please send us a request and we will rapidly answer you with a free quote! Later on, Crete island became the land of King Minos. In other versions of this same story it was not the palace itself which was designed in this way but the labyrinth within the palace which was built to house the half-man/half-bull the Minotaur. Malia, and Archanes. Crete was declared an autonomous state and, in 1913, it was united with the independent Greek State. This great civilization was stopped by a natural disaster: the huge waves caused by the eruption of the volcano of Santorini in 1450 BC covered the northern coasts of Crete with lava ashes. But first, let me share with you a very high level overview of the history of the island, to give you context: Many of the local residents were executed for their participation in the Resistance War against the German invasion and many villages were massacred. The island has been ruled for much of its history by foreign invaders - Mycenaeans, Dorians, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Venetians, ... the dazzling apogee of the Minoan civilisation and the brief period of autonomy before union with Greece at the beginning of the twentieth century. The resistance that the Germans encountered caught them completely off guard. We are named Team CRETE because Europa settled in a city named Crete. A brief history of Crete Greek history and Myths Greek history can be traced back over 40,000 years . Crete played a supporting role in the revival of Greek civilization that began in the 9th century BC, and during Athens's heyday in the 5th century BC, Crete fascinated the Greeks as a … Gortyn was Archaeology for Amateurs: The Mysteries of Crete aims to provide an introduction to the basic themes of archaeology by looking specifically at Crete, and in particular, at a region of Crete called Sphakia. This was the time of great expansion on the island; impressive palaces were built such as the one at Knossos. In the winter they probably lived in caves in the surrounding mountains. Information about History in the prefectures of Crete: In fact, tradition is very important for them even in their everyday life. Then, Crete became part of the Byzantine Empire but it was frequently raided by pirates and enemies. Our services are rated A brief history of the course . Ancient Crete is the place where the Minoan civilization, one of the most important civilizations of the world (2600-1150 BC), started. Jupiter and Europa. . Where to stay? features maintain a delicate balance and the birthplace It was no easy task to compress the history of Ancient Greece into a concise format that would be appropriate both for Online reading and as a precise overview of the subject. A BRIEF HISTORY : Crete has been inhabited since prehistoric times with finds of flint tools and fossilized animal bones dated to an even earlier period, providing evidence that the island was one of the first inhabited areas of Greece and dating back to 8000 B.C. Add to bag. The Romans, the Venetians, the Turks and the British also influenced its development - yet the island has its very own culture, since it has only actually been a … Chris Moorey’s book The scope of Greek habitation and rule has varied throughout the ages and as a result the history of Greece is similarly elastic in what it includes. During the Byzantine period Crete became an important center Eventually, all Crete fell under German occupation. Read reviews about our services. CRETE FACTS Crete Fast Facts Geographical Information Administration People Population Of Crete Economy Infrastructures Brief History. ... Our team name was inspired by Europa's history. and 1400BC, the Minoan civilization (the first European) of different yet harmonious civilizations. During an expedition, the famous mythical hero Theseus, the son of the King of Athens, left Athens with the young Athenians and, with the help of Ariadne, the daughter of the King Minos, managed to kill the Minotaur and find his way out of the labyrinth. The Crete history is long and marked by many historical periods. Want to learn more about history? the town that became the capital of the Roman province Many organizations were also founded for the education of people and schools and libraries were built. until 1669 when it fell to the Ottoman Turks after a 22-year From this union, the Minotaur was born and was hid in a labyrinth. Although there are tourist places all over the island, the inhabitants still keep their old traditions and customs. Click to enlarge NAVIGATE Towns. Steeped in historical and cultural heritage, Crete is the most visited of the Greek islands. ... the dazzling apogee of the Minoan civilization and the brief period of autonomy before union with Greece at the beginning of the twentieth century. The legend is that the king refused to sacrifice a bull to the gods and Poseidon punished him by making his wife fall in love with a bull. architecture of ancient sites and temples. under Nazi seizure in World War II. island and from 1204 Crete was taken over by the Venetians History of Crete; History of Crete. Huge palace-states were built, such as the famous and superb palaces of Knossos Palace, Phaestos Palace,  and Zakros Palace, and the Minoans established a strong naval empire in the Mediterranean. Between 2800BC Ancient Crete is the place where the Minoan civilization, one of the most important civilizations of the world (2600-1150 BC), started. with Greece in 1913. "Easy access from the parking place, Itanos beach next to the ruins, so can be combined with a beach day." Where to eat? Discover the History of Greece! In 1204, the Venetians founded newly fortified cities and conquered the island of Crete. According to the myths surrounding the early city, King Minos hired the Athenian architect, mathematician, and inventor Daedelus to design his palace and so cleverly was it constructed that no one who entered could find their way back out without a guide. Crete is also home to one of the oldest olive tree in the world which is located in the village of Vouves and is estimated to be around 2000 to 4000 years old. In 1669, the island fell under the Ottoman rule which lasted until 1897, when the great statesman of Greece, Eleftherios Venizelos, negotiated the independence of Crete. This is a giant online mental map that serves as a basis for concept diagrams. The architecture of ancient sites and temples proves the wealth of the island since antiquity. We use cookies to offer you a better browsing experience and to analyze site traffic. Its troubles were not over as it suffered It's free to use and each article or document can be downloaded. The old towns of Rethymno and Chania remain intact since the Renaissance, with their beautifully decorated squares, the superb fountains and its fine churches and palaces. During the early Byzantine years, several churches and structures were constructed. Followed by the invasion of the Achaeans and the Dorians, tribes from Northern Europe, the Minoan civilization never revived. #91 of 354 Sights & Landmarks in Crete "Situated about 3km north of Vai Beach, this amazing archaeological site was first inhabited by the Minoans sometime before 4,000 years ago." built magnificent palaces at Knossos, Phaistos, Zakros, During the 9th century, the Arabs occupied Crete and founded at the site of Heraklion a new town called Radth al Khandak (Castle of Handakas). Known by the Greeks as ‘Megalónisos,’ or the ‘Great Island,’ the island of Crete has a long and varied history. It has also been of paramount strategic importance for thousands of years, thanks to its … Moorey has written an engaging and lively account of Crete … The island flourished and the excavations of … From the archaeological site in Festos, Crete From the archaeological site in Myrtos, Crete A History of Crete steps in to fill a gap in scholarship on this fascinating island, providing the first complete history of Crete to be published for over twenty years, and the first ever that is written with a wide readership in mind. Heraklion | Chania | Rethymno | Lassithi. This great civilization was stopped by a natural disaster: the huge waves caused by the eruption of the volcano of Santoriniin 1450 BC covered the northern coasts of Crete with lava ashes… Slaves are not mentioned in the UNESCO history. The German occupation of Crete lasted until the end of WWII. $18.95. The site of Knossos stands on a knoll between the confluence of two streams and is located about 5 miles (8 km) inland And more? followed. When you will find yourself in Crete or anywhere else in Greece you will most certainly come across olives, either … photos, Copyright © Cretan Adventures - All rights reserved. Brief History. The centuries that followed were not very prosperous for Crete. the Minoans, the Achaeans and Dorians dominated the island. of Crete and it was one of the first towns to welcome the The Historical Museum of Crete presents a comprehensive view of Cretan history from early Christian times to the present day. Crete, brief history The island of Crete is the cradle of European civilization, a geographical location where climatic and morphologic features maintain a delicate balance and the birthplace of different yet harmonious civilizations. Crete later fell under the domination of the Arabs, in 824, and stayed under it for 137 years. A brief history on Crete. 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