its inputs) and the output that results from the use of these resources.. Inputs include the factors of production, such as land, labour, capital, whereas physical output includes quantities of finished products produced. ... C. the amount of an input that must be used in order to produce one more unit of a good. Scarce Goods and Services ... A PPF is a graph showing the possible production combinations of two goods given limited inputs. From a microeconomics standpoint, a firm that operates efficiently : labor and capital, which are scarce in Economy A. D. it is an abundant natural resource. So, despite wanting more production, Econ Isle has settled at 4 widgets and 4 gadgets. The people of Econ Isle would like to increase the production of both widgets and gadgets, but the PPF shows that this is not possible. production inefficiencies as production becomes asymmetric. The implication is that it is important to pay close attention to the way the market for inputs operates. D. all goods are free. C. opportunity costs are zero when the production of bread increases. This situation illustrates our first lesson. Meaning of Production Function. no matter how scarce or abundant an input is, a 1% increase has always the same proportionate effect on output, because the elasticity of substitution is one. The Cobb-Douglas production function of the previous sub-section implies that the production elasticities of each of the inputs are constants, i.e. C. human desires for the good exceed the amounts available at a zero money price. Cobb-Douglas production can be estimated by regression analysis by first converting it into the following log form. In this example, the limited input is labor. B) the demand for diamonds is so high. scarce input in a setting where suppliers of di⁄erentiated products engage in price competi-tion after acquiring the input at auction. log Q = log A + a log L + b log K Roughly speaking, Cobb-Douglas production function found that about 75% of the increase in manufacturing production was due to the labour input and the remaining 25% was due to the capital input. 48. C) De Beers limits the quantity of diamonds supplied to the market. a) The outputs generated by the production process transforming land, labor, and capital into goods and services b) Restricted to the land resources such as natural resources that are unimproved by human economic activity c) Land (natural resources), labor (human capital, entrepreneurship), and capital (constructed inputs such as factories). Thus, the problem created by input scarcity cannot be resolved by encour-aging entry either upstream or downstream when inputs are sold in an e fficient auction. ... not scarce. the allocation of scarce inputs.3 The typical prescription has been that the old “beauty contests” (in the case of spectrum) or rigid structures of bilateral contracts and vertical integration (in the case of electricity and gas) should be replaced by centralized auction markets to place the input A supplier values the input both because it enables the supplier to enhance the quality of its products and reduce its production cost and be-cause, once acquired, the input is unavailable to rivals. Diamond rings are relatively scarce because: A) according to geologists, diamonds are less common than any other gem-quality colored stone. D) of monopolistic competition. 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