A God who, instead of flicking this sin twisted world out of his universe, entered into it, served his enemies, and shed his own blood. The main characters of this christian, religion story are , . The new testament has 2 or 3 words that get translated to hell. (p. 193) Keller goes on to say that what we as Christians see as Good News – the Gospel – our society views as difficult at best and horrific at worst. Absolutely everyone has a doctrine (teaching) that they live by. It occurred to me that I've never shared the wedding pictures, shame shame. Context determines how it should be translated (both grammatical as well as hermeneutical context). Wright Family USA - Are these kids all yours? But I have seen the statistics, and they are available. I’ve heard it before. Especially when the people who pronounce it don’t exactly know what it means, and think they are doing a something noble when they are really doing a disservice to people and turning them away from the church. He does this to show that our disdain for the idea of judgment often comes from our deep belief in personal rights. I’ve always felt it “funny” how we as humans tend to categorize “badness” and like to think of “their” sins vs. “our” sins so differently, even when we are talking about the collective “our”. The Reason for God: Belief in an Age of Skepticism (2008) is a book and DVD on Christian apologetics by Timothy J. Keller, a scholar and founding pastor of Redeemer Presbyterian Church in New York City. I recently read a book in which the author bad-mouthed doctrine in the introduction and then proceeded to present his doctrne throughout the rest of the book. The summary from Stefanie's blog: The introduction to the chapter brings many of the questions that we have all heard or asked ourselves concerning a loving God and hell. The reality is Jesus talked a LOT about hell...so if we claim to be Jesus followers we can't only admire his actions but we have to believe his words. That is what early christians believed and it makes the most sense. Created beings thinking they have wisdom beyond their Creator (hasn't that been the lie of Satan since the beginning?). Many people cite the misery in the world as evidence that a benevolent god … Keller approaches the question in a couple different ways: It’s like a person’s salvation is in danger if they even talk about it. I was with my oldest and only child, who was probably 3 at the time, and an acquaintance mentioned something about 'the devil,' and I said, "Oh, we don't believe in the devil or in hell." The gospel addresses all of life. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Scripture references: John 14:6 Jesus said to him, "I am the way, the truth, and the life. We insist that the individual is the ultimate determiner of right and wrong and that no one is in a position to condemn me for what I believe. Eternal damnation is found. But, what if He did what we wanted — no one was punished, no one was banished, everyone was accepted, and all bad/good is relative. Change ). In chapter five, “How Can a Loving God Send People to Hell?” Keller addresses the common objection that a loving God cannot also be a God of judgment. People are afraid of universalism. If everyone is going to be saved one day, then why do I need to follow Christ? So, we are all hoping for our wicked world to be made right and are looking forward to the coming of God to fix our fallen messed up world. C.S. The problem is that, as humans, we have a limited view of God’s justice, reason, and logic. We worked hard, then played hard with the kids before crashing early. Unitarian universalists preach that you can believe whatever you want and that’s fine, one day God will reconcile all. Our good deeds are but filthy rags compared to God's holiness. It is easier to talk about doctrine than it is to be out in the world loving people as Christ loved people. I have seen many churches who dedicate most of their energy to serving others. Keller says. It almost defines their faith. Building relationships with the oppressed is what is important and that is what Jesus taught us to do. Keller uses literature, philosophy, real-life conversations, and reasoning to explain how faith in a Christian God is a soundly rational belief held by thoughtful people of intellectual integrity with deep compassion for those who truly want to know the truth. We have been rescued, redeemed, and regenerated not because we are such great people,....but because of the actions of a great God. And the Bible tells us that their reward is here on Earth. They should just be avoided as it is something that is very vague in the Bible and preaching salvation is counterproductive. Keller divides the ... My favourite chapter in this part is Chapter 13, ... As with any other good series, I strongly recommend you to start with that first before reading The Reason for God (that makes the two of us). And when they truly are sorry and repent, you do not continue punishing them forever. This is one of the reasons why I disagree in many areas with presbyterians. The Reason for God – Chapter Twelve: The (True) Story Of The Cross “The primary symbol of Christianity has always been the cross,” begins Chapter Twelve. Yes, there were individuals here and there who affirmed universal salvation in the early church, but they were by far outside of the mainstream. However, I disagree with you. It’s the suburban church mentality that is the problem. For example, “Aionas” means everlasting or eternal. When a loving person is faced with the mistreatment of a loved one, that love is the very root of the resulting anger and wrath. This chapter is really about absolute morality. I do not expect to blog through the whole thing, so I’ll start with the most interesting chapter(s). God is, in fact, a sound and rational one. My heart is ripped out of my chest every time I read stories or ... July 6, 2017 was like any other day. How do you know this is the case? I believe everyone needs to have a relationship with Christ, but maybe someday ALL will, as Christ died for all. That they continue sinning? No-matter what people say. With this in mind, here’s how Keller defines hell: “Hell, then, is the trajectory of a soul, living a self-absorbed, self-centered life, going on and on forever…it is simply one’s freely chosen identity apart from God on a trajectory into infinity.” What makes Keller’s explanation of hell so helpful is that he places it within the context of a comprehensive understanding of sin. At the End of the Chinese Rainbow: Our Journey to Patrick, Kenzie; Kooper; Kaeleb; Kambry; Kayden; Christmas, Kinley; Kooper; Encouragement through the Word, Kolton; Kooper; Kenzie; Kayden; Kambry; Kaeleb; Kinley; Kennah; Kasidi, Kuyler; Kolton; Kenzie; Kooper; Kayden; Kambry, Perspective; Encouragement through the Word. The summary from. Sin, most basically, is building our identity, our very lives, on anything other than God. Tim Keller is a smart guy...I've only read his book on idolatry though which was really good. As Dorothy Sayers wrote, “It is the neglect of dogma that makes for dullness. I do not think we can know hardly anything about how this stuff works, which is why I don’t talk about it too much. Keller utilizes the story of Lazarus, a beggar, and the Rich Man in Luke 16:19-31 to support his view of hell. http://flyinabove.bloghi.com/2006/06/08/universalism-the-prevailing-doctrine-of-the-first-500-years-of-christianity.html. Even though I've read about the Rich Man and Lazarus many times, I never caught onto the idea that the guy didn't ask to get out of hell. He responded. There is no irrefutable proof of GodÕs existence, but many people have found strong clues for his reality in many places Philosopher Alvin Plantinga believes there are two to three dozen very good arguments. (p. 74) But according to Keller, this view of modernity is not accepted by all. But, the fact that we are sinners who get our priorities messed up doesn’t make doctrine unimportant, and it doesn’t make calvinism untrue. That's exactly what much of the "church" has done though. SUMMARY. God was capable of keeping his universe completely free from pain, suffering and death. Book. The Reason for God by Tim Keller: Chapter 5. I am ashamed to include a statement I made before I knew Christ. Reply. What baffles me more than the reality of a God who judges...is a humanity that claims to stand in judgement of that God. This is an apologetic work for why Keller thinks there is a reason for God's existence, specifically the God of the Bible. I don’t agree that there are philosophical problems with eternal punishment, necessarily. The longer I live, the more atrocities I see, and the more heinous sin I witness the more I understand God's wrath...what still blows my mind is his patience and grace that reaches down to a sinner and makes him a son. He suggests that the ultimate source of this idea is the Bible itself, and since the Bible claims that God is both a God of love and judgment, we shouldn’t be so fast to conclude that they are contradictory. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. I tend to have the view of hell as separation from God. A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis of major themes, characters, quotes, and essay topics. If our lives have been changed by our relationship with Jesus, shouldn’t we want other people to have that, as well? I didn’t really give any passages or anything, so I’ll include a link that I find helpful: http://www.biblicaluniversalism.com/EXAMININGTHESO-CALLEDUNIVERSALISTICTEXTS.htm. That is a very modern and western objection. If you love someone and see them harmed, would you not be judging the instigator or would it be better to simply love the victim and the perpetrator? But I think it’s more of a choice thing. Boy, that certainly doesn’t sound right, does it? So why do different denominations define themselves by salvation doctrine? I know the stuff mentioned on that website are not backed up with figures and statistics. Origin, for example, taught universal salvation but his theology was largely shaped by his prior commitment to platonic philosophy. The Reason For God – Chapter Nine Posted January 7, 2009 by Church of the Servant. If you love the wit of Tim … I just finished chapter 4 last night, which wrestles with the challenge of the church perpetrating so much injustice in the world. (p.85) The real leap of faith comes when someone believes that God is love but judges no one. After all, there are people who are kindhearted, generous and selfless. Later things armenianism and calvanism were adopted. We see people who are self-absorbed, indulgent and ruthless. Keller shares a story in which a woman approached him to share that the very idea of a judging God was offensive. But, when it comes to our own souls, we somehow want to change the rules and have this belief that an all-loving God would never punish us. I'm still mulling it over. Full-orbed calvinism has provided me with the resources I need to think holistically about the poor and how the gospel is intended to repair every aspect of life’s brokeness. Those serving a loving God are not serving the true God but rather a fictitious god that helps them feel cozy and cuddly without dealing with the evil of this world brought to bear by Satan and man’s sinful nature. Thanks for exploring this SuperSummary Plot Summary of “The Reason for God” by Timothy J. Keller. Keller explains that these two entities cannot be separated. There are many many philosophical problems with hell as eternal punishment. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com.Ben Eastaugh and Chris Sternal-Johnson. I refrain from taking a solid stance on any salvation doctrine whether it be calvinism, universalism, or arminianism because like you said “The problem is that, as humans, we have a limited view of God’s justice, reason, and logic”. Hell is the freely chosen destination for those who prefer to live apart from God. I am very critical of fire and brimstone preaching. Admittedly, among the few there were some major theologians, but that doesn’t mean universal salvation was the common belief, nor does it mean universal salvation is biblical. Here is the summary from Stefanie's blog: “How can we believe in Christianity if we don’t even know whether God exists?” asks Timothy Keller at the beginning of chapter eight. Gehenna is the obvious example that many people know about. Doctrine is not unimportant because the story is not unimportant. I’m not saying I have it right. There are many philosophical as well as common sensical problems with this. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. You can also disprove each using other texts by the same author.”. This Study Guide consists of approximately 29 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of The Reason for God. And in the New York Times bestselling The Reason for God, he addresses each doubt and explains each reason. The Reason for God | Chapter 4. The Reason for God ~ Chapter Five ~ How Can a Loving God Send People to Hell? To be truly loving people, shouldn’t we want them to know Christ and all the good things that come along with it? I have however studied the concept of hell and salvation greatly within the past year as I have personally wrestled with the issue of how God could send people to hell for eternal punishment. It's a one-stop shop for your Christmas shopping and a way to h... Y'all, feel free to hop on over to our new site! But I think that the opposite is also wrong. Can’t we hope and pray that one day God will reconcile all things to himself? Well, I guess nothing would change at all and the world we currently live in is as good as it will ever get. Keller goes on to emphasize that the God of Christianity is a God of both love and justice, and that these are in no way at odds with one another. There are a lot of assumptions being made, here, that I’m not completely sure you could back up. Jesus, thank you for taking the wrath for my sin, and giving me the one and only way to escape eternal separation from God. ( Log Out /  If God is loving, people ask, how can he condemn anyone to eternal punishment in Hell? If your children do something wrong, you punish them. He simply wanted relief from his torment. In C.S. It does matter what a person believes. But he chose not to. Sadly, people living solely for themselves can never get enough of whatever they are after, and they seem to be chasing elusive happiness. So, we are fine with inflicting punishment ourselves, but just can’t stand a God to do it. Lewis said this: “It is not a question of God ‘sending us’ to hell. It talks about absolute truth being the enemy of freedom. I pray that God will one day save all people through Jesus, and I do not think I am going to go to hell for hoping for this! Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. You do have a good point with Aionas. The whole thing in revelation where it says all people who are not written in the book of life will be cast into the lake of fire forever is a questionable translation. You can prove calvinism, arminianism or universalism by looking at Paul’s writings. Some did, but they were declared to be outside of orthodox Christianity. I was surprised this wasn't addressed in this chapter, but it's certainly something I hear. Instant downloads of all 1388 LitChart PDFs (including Second Treatise of Government). All three views have similarities, but also have huge contradictions. He argues that it is not deduced by simply looking at the natural order, nor is it found in other religious texts like it is in Christianity. They want 'freedom.' ( Log Out /  Richard Bauckham, a respected NT scholar writes, “Until the nineteenth century almost all Christian theologians taught the reality of eternal torment in hell.” Widespread belief in universal salvation is really a modern phenomenon. Keller describes the modern view of hell as God casting souls – those unfortunate ones who did not make the right choices in life before their time was up – into hell for all eternity…. Keller argues against the point of view that Christians belief system naturally makes them narrow-minded. The third chapter of Timothy Keller’s book is titled, Christianity Is a Straitjacket. I’m with you that it sometimes means “age.” However, it can also mean “age” in the sense of an unbroken age or perpetuity of time (thus forever is a fine translation). Chapter 1 – There Can’t Br Just One True Religion; Chapter 2 – How Could a Good God Allow Suffering? In this case however, he uses quotes to emphasize that this is an argument heard countless times, not merely a natural break in the chapter. The introduction to the chapter brings many of the questions that we have all heard or asked ourselves concerning a loving God and hell. I’ve been printing Stefanie’s summary just so I have paper to highlight This subject matter is too deep for me to simply read it digitally. It is untrue that all early Christians believed in universal salvation. I believe in eternal separation from God, simply as a continuation of the choice one makes to turn from him in this life. This is how it’s supposed to be. In chapter five, “How Can a Loving God Send People to Hell?” Keller addresses the common objection that a loving God cannot also be a God of judgment. And he wanted Lazarus to do it for him. Sin is not primarily breaking God’s laws (that is merely a symptom of a much bigger problem). There was no word for forever in Greek. If there were a god, it should be held to the same standards. You assume that it is better for God to save all of his creation. Someday every knee will bow and tongue confess. I'm going to write a critique of each chapter… Timothy Keller – The Reason for God (Chapter 3) April 11, 2008 by Frank Gantz. I do actually agree that doctrine is important. This is why we neglect the poor. The End of Faith.The God Delusion.God Is Not Great.Letter to a Christian Nation.Bestseller lists are filled with doubters. God exercises wrath by removing his presence from them and abandoning them to themselves. The Reason for God Timothy Keller Chapter 8: The Clues for God. It drove me crazy! Those on the bus are indeed miserable, but the desire for freedom to pursue their sin is too much to resist. Why do presbyterians focus more on calvinism than and correct doctrine than helping the poor, why do baptist spend so much time making fun of calvinists and arguing free will. You'll find every post from this site, plus more. Questions for Discussion and Reflection: 1. They have help out at soup kitchens, visit prisons, protesting unjust laws, fight for workers’ rights, educate people on conserving our planet. Now I can agree with you that universalism can be dangerous. Review of "The Reason for God" Chapter 5 on Hell In my Bible class, we've been studying Timothy Keller's book, The Reason for God . You wrote, “Eternal separation from God is not a just punishment for a life of sin on earth.” Why not? The first edition of the novel was published in 2007, and was written by Timothy J. Keller. I think the answer to your question of “why do presbyterians focus more on calvinism than helping the poor” is that we are sinners. You can also disprove each using other texts by the same author. This is terrible rationale. New York: Riverhead Books, 2008. So...we tried to manage the fever for 24 hours, and after contacting the neurosurgeon on call, we decided to head to the ER. They are critical and blame others, they are paranoid and anxious, and they are always right. My calvinism doesn’t allow me to fragment life into categories of “physical” and “spiritual” and choose between caring for people’s souls or their bodies. Where being saved is a contractual law-binding proclamation of faith that Jesus is God’s son rather than a change in lifestyle which leads to caring for the poor (this doesn’t mean giving 10 percent of your income to the church, which only uses a fraction of the money for good), focusing on people rather than money and material objects, taking in the stranger, being peacemakers rather than warmongers, etc. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. There are many verses in the Bible that support this belief. I think none of these doctrines should be preached from the pulpit as truth. We are fine with judgment upon a criminal and there is satisfaction with a criminal getting what (s)he deserves as we see “fairness” (which is different for different people). AW Tozer – The Pursuit of God Chapter 5 Summary – ‘The Universal Presence’ “Wither shall I go from thy spirit? During the first few centuries after Christ died, christians believed in universal salvation and reconsiliation. In the following chapter, you’ll learn about the author’s arguments on the reason why it is good to believe in the Christian God.